Emergence is the process whereby larger entities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that individually do not exhibit such properties. Natural systems interest me, specifically in the way certain animal groups exhibit emergent behavior by herding, flocking, or swarming. Nearly all types of life forms, from butterflies to roaming wildebeest herds, tend to cluster together.

These gatherings are often contradictory:

the members react only to their surroundings but the overall motion is fluid

the interactions are simple but the forms are complex

the control seems centralized but movement results from individual decisions. 

 This clustering, when removed from its immediate environment, reveals beautiful abstracted forms. I study the visual forms that these animal groupings naturally create, and then repeat these forms over and over. The individual fades into the mass, and the miniscule becomes a bridge to the macroscopic.